Small Business Brief


Corporate Finance 101: How to Use Financial Modeling

Have you dreamt about becoming a stock trader on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange?

What you might not think about is how much math you’ll need to do such a job. That “buy low, sell high” approach requires you to calculate theoretical value at a moment’s notice. And often so, this is done on a few pieces of paper that look like a child’s multiplication sheet.

Such “financial modeling” is at the heart of corporate finance and is greatly important in accounting. Read on to learn some corporate finance basics and how to use financial modeling.

What Are Financial Models

Financial models are mathematical representations of real-world financial situations. They are used to make financial decisions and forecast future outcomes in a variety of contexts. These include investment banking, corporate finance, and risk management.

There are different financial models used depending on the specific situation. Financial models also make use of statistical techniques. This includes techniques like regression analysis to forecast future outcomes.

How to Use Financial Modeling 

There are a few different types of financial models that businesses use, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common type of financial model is the discounted cash flow (DCF) model. This model estimates the present value of a company’s future cash flows, taking into account the time value of money. The DCF model is often used to evaluate investment opportunities and to make decisions about whether or not to invest in a company.

Another type of financial model is the comparative statement model. This model compares a company’s financial statement data with that of other companies in the same industry. This model can be used to identify trends and to make comparisons between companies.

The choice of which financial model to use depends on the specific situation and the type of data available. In general, however, the DCF model is the most commonly used model in corporate finance.

What Information Is Included in a Financial Model

A financial model is a representation of a company’s financial situation. It includes information such as revenue, expenses, assets, liabilities, and cash flow. It can be used to assess the company’s financial health and make predictions about its future.

Financial models are often used by investors and creditors to make decisions about whether to invest in or lend to a company.

What Are the Common Software Used for Financial Modeling

Nowadays, it is usually automated already using various software or programs. The type of software used will depend on the specific requirements of the model.

There are some common software applications that are often used for financial modeling. Examples are Microsoft Excel, Crystal Reports, and SAS.

Who Performs Financial Modeling

There are many people that can perform financial modeling. The answer, however, depends on the specific needs of the organization. The nature of the project and the experience level of the person also matter.

But in general, financial modeling is performed by financial analysts and accountants. Professionals and accounting firms also offer these services to various clients.

Improved Corporate Finance Through Financial Modeling

If you want to learn corporate finance and how to use financial modeling, this is the perfect article for you. It covers all of the basics and provides a great foundation for further learning.

After reading this article, you’ll be able to build your own financial models and make better decisions for your company.

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